Thoughts and Reflection
In today’s reading, we see that David wants to establish a kingdom of justice. He seeks to have mercy on his enemy Ish-bosheth, who has been hailed as the new king. Ish-bosheth is murdered by Rechab and Banal, David does not reward the two men but condemns their evil act. He has them executed in the name of Justice.
Under David, Israel will be a united kingdom under the law of the Lord. In 1 Chronicles, David is shown to prefigure the Messiah. It is believed that 1 Chronicles was written after the Exile, reflecting how much the people of Israel have suffered. The people were longing for the reestablishment of the kingdom and temple of worship.
About This Project
For the year 2022, I decided that my New Year’s Resolution was to read the whole Bible following the Bible in the Year plan presented by Fr. Mike Schmitz. It is a big and bold undertaking. You can follow along by subscribing. Feel free to look at previous day’s post and comment. It’s something we can all learn from together!
2 Samuel 4
1 When Saul’s son heard that Abner had died at Hebron, his heart failed him, and all Israel was alarmed.
2 Now, Saul’s son had two freebooting chieftains; one was called Baanah, the other Rechab. They were the sons of Rimmon of Beeroth, and Benjaminites — for Beeroth is regarded as belonging to Benjamin.
3 The people of Beeroth had taken refuge in Gittaim, where they have remained to this day as resident foreigners.
4 Jonathan son of Saul had a son with crippled feet. He was five years old when the news about Saul and Jonathan came from Jezreel. His nurse picked him up and fled but, as she hurried away, he fell and was lamed. His name was Meribbaal.
5 The sons of Rimmon of Beeroth, Rechab and Baanah, set out; they came to Ishbaal’s house at the hottest part of the day when he was taking his midday rest.
6 The woman who kept the door had been cleaning wheat and had drowsed off to sleep.
7 Rechab and his brother Baanah stole past her and entered the house, where he was lying on his bed in his bedroom. They struck him and killed him, then cut off his head and, taking the head with them, travelled all night by way of the Arabah.
8 They brought Ishbaal’s head to David at Hebron. ‘Here’, they said to the king, ‘is the head of Ishbaal son of Saul, your enemy, who meant to take your life. Yahweh has avenged my lord the king today on Saul and on his offspring.’
9 But David answered Rechab and his brother Baanah, the sons of Rimmon, by saying, ‘As Yahweh lives, who has rescued me from every danger,
10 when someone told me, “Saul is dead!” supposing himself to be bringing me good news, I seized and put him to death at Ziklag, and that was how I rewarded him for his news!
11 How much more when bandits have killed an upright man in his house, and on his bed! Am I not to demand an account of his blood from you, and rid the earth of you?’
12 David then gave an order to the men, who put them to death, cut off their hands and feet, and hung them up beside the pool of Hebron. Ishbaal’s head they took and buried in Abner’s grave at Hebron.
1 Chronicles 5
1 Sons of Reuben, first-born of Israel. He was indeed the first-born but, when he defiled his father’s bed, his birthright was given to the sons of Joseph son of Israel, and he was no longer reckoned as the eldest son.
2 Although Judah grew greater than his brothers and a leader came from him, the birthright was Joseph’s.
3 Sons of Reuben, first-born of Israel: Henoch, Pallu, Hezron, Carmi.
4 Sons of Joel: Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son,
5 Micah his son, Reaiah his son, Baal his son.
6 Beerah his son, whom Tiglath-Pileser king of Assyria carried off into exile, was the chief of the Reubenites.
7 His brothers, by families, were grouped according to relationship. Jeiel was first, then Zechariah
8 and Bela son of Azaz, son of Shema, son of Joel. It was Reuben who lived in Aroer and his territory extended as far as Nebo and Baal-Meon.
9 To eastward, what he occupied extended to the edge of the desert and the River Euphrates, for they had many herds in Gilead.
10 In the time of Saul, they made war on the Hagrites, whom they defeated and who were then living in their tents throughout the eastern front of Gilead.
11 Next to them, in Bashan as far as Salecah, lived the sons of Gad.
12 Joel was the first, Shapham the second, then Janai and Shaphat in Bashan.
13 Their brothers, by families, were Michael, Meshullam, Sheba, Jorai, Jacan, Zia, Eber: seven.
14 These were the sons of Abihail: Ben-Huri, Ben-Jaroah, Ben-Gilead, Ben-Michael, Ben-Jeshishai, Ben-Jahdo, Ben-Buz.
15 Ahi son of Abdiel, son of Guni, was the head of their families.
16 They inhabited Gilead, Bashan and its dependencies, as well as all the pasture lands of Sharon on their extremities.
17 In the time of Jotham king of Judah and in the time of Jeroboam king of Israel, all of them were included in the official genealogy.
18 The sons of Reuben, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh had warriors, men armed with shield and sword who could handle the bow and were trained for war, to the number of forty-four thousand seven hundred and sixty fit for service.
19 They made war on the Hagrites, on Jetur, Naphish and Nodab.
20 God came to their help, and the Hagrites and all their allies fell into their hands, for they called on God as they fought, and because they put their trust in him he heard their prayer.
21 Of their livestock they carried off fifty thousand camels, two hundred and fifty thousand sheep, two thousand donkeys and a hundred thousand people.
22 Because the war was of God, the slaughter was great. They continued to live in their territory until the exile.
23 The sons of the half-tribe of Manasseh lived in the territory between Bashan and Baal-Hermon, Senir and Mount Hermon. They were numerous.
24 These were the heads of their families: Epher, Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, Jahdiel — stout fighting men, men of renown, heads of their families.
25 But since they were unfaithful to the God of their ancestors and prostituted themselves to the gods of the peoples of the country whom God had destroyed before them,
26 the God of Israel roused the hostility of Pul, king of Assyria, that is the wrath of Tiglath-Pileser, king of Assyria who deported them — the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh — taking them off to Halah, Habor, Hara and the river of Gozan. They are still there today.
27 Sons of Levi: Gershom, Kohath and Merari.
28 Sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, Uzziel.
29 Children of Amram: Aaron, Moses and Miriam. Sons of Aaron: Nadab and Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.
30 Eleazar fathered Phinehas, Phinehas fathered Abishua,
31 Abishua fathered Bukki, Bukki fathered Uzzi.
32 Uzzi fathered Zerahiah, Zerahiah fathered Meraioth.
33 Meraioth fathered Amariah, Amariah fathered Ahitub,
34 Ahitub fathered Zadok, Zadok fathered Ahimaaz.
35 Ahimaaz fathered Azariah, Azariah fathered Johanan.
36 Johanan fathered Azariah. He it was who officiated as priest in the Temple which Solomon built in Jerusalem.
37 Azariah fathered Amariah, Amariah fathered Ahitub,
38 Ahitub fathered Zadok, Zadok fathered Shallum,
39 Shallum fathered Hilkiah, Hilkiah fathered Azariah,
40 Azariah fathered Seraiah, Seraiah fathered Jehozadak,
41 and Jehozadak went into exile when, at the hands of Nebuchadnezzar, Yahweh exiled Judah and Jerusalem.
1 Chronicles 6
1 Sons of Levi: Gershom, Kohath and Merari.
2 These are the names of the sons of Gershom: Libni and Shimei.
3 Sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron, Uzziel.
4 Sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. These are the levitical clans according to their father.
5 Of Gershom: Libni his son, Jahath his son, Zimmah his son,
6 Joah his son, Iddo his son, Zerah his son, Jeatherai his son.
7 Sons of Kohath: Amminadab his son, Korah his son, Assir his son,
8 Elkanah his son, Ebiasaph his son, Assir his son.
9 Tahath his son, Uriel his son, Uzziah his son, Shaul his son.
10 Sons of Elkanah: Amasai and Ahimoth.
11 Elkanah his son, Zophai his son, Nahath his son,
12 Eliab his son, Jeroham his son, Elkanah his son.
13 Sons of Elkanah: Samuel his first-born, the second Abijah.
14 Sons of Merari: Mahli, Libni his son,
15 Shimei his son, Haggiah his son, Asaiah his son.
16 These are the men whom David nominated to lead the singing in the Temple of Yahweh after the ark had come to rest there.
17 They were responsible for the singing before the Dwelling, the Tent of Meeting, until Solomon had built the Temple of Yahweh in Jerusalem and then continued their customary duties.
18 These were the persons in office, with their sons: Of the sons of Kohath: Heman the singer, son of Joel, son of Samuel,
19 son of Elkanah, son of Jeroham, son of Eliel, son of Toah,
20 son of Zuph, son of Elkanah, son of Mahath, son of Amasai,
21 son of Elkanah, son of Joel, son of Azariah, son of Zephaniah,
22 son of Tahath, son of Assir, son of Ebiasaph, son of Korah,
23 son of Izhar, son of Kohath, son of Levi, son of Israel.
24 His brother Asaph stood on his right: Asaph son of Berechiah, son of Shimea,
25 son of Michael, son of Baaseiah, son of Malchijah,
26 son of Ethni, son of Zerah, son of Adaiah,
27 son of Ethan, son of Zimmah, son of Shimei,
28 son of Jahath, son of Gershom, son of Levi.
29 On the left, the sons of Merari: Ethan son of Kishi, son of Abdi, son of Malluch,
30 son of Hashabiah, son of Amaziah, son of Hilkiah,
31 son of Amzi, son of Bani, son of Shemer,
32 son of Mahli, son of Mushi, son of Merari, son of Levi.
33 Their brother Levites were dedicated for all the other duties of the Dwelling, the Temple of God,
34 but Aaron and his sons burned the offerings on the altar of burnt offering and on the altar of incense; they were entirely responsible for the most holy things and for the ritual of expiation for Israel, in accordance with all that Moses, servant of God, had commanded.
35 These were the sons of Aaron: Eleazar his son, Phinehas his son, Abishua his son,
36 Bukki his son, Uzzi his son, Zerahiah his son,
37 Meraioth his son, Amariah his son, Ahitub his son,
38 Zadok his son, Ahimaaz his son.
39 These were their places of settlement within their prescribed territory: The sons of Aaron of the Kohathite clan — for to these the first lot fell-
40 were given Hebron in the territory of Judah with its surrounding pasture lands.
41 But the open country of the town and its dependencies were given to Caleb son of Jephunneh.
42 The sons of Aaron were also given the cities of refuge, Hebron, Libnah with its pasture lands, Jattir, Eshtemoa with its pasture lands.
43 Hilen with its pasture lands, Debir with its pasture lands,
44 Ashan with its pasture lands and Beth-Shemesh with its pasture lands;
45 and, from the tribe of Benjamin, Geba with its pasture lands, Alemeth with its pasture lands and Anathoth with its pasture lands. In all, the towns distributed among their clans numbered thirteen.
46 The remaining sons of Kohath were allotted ten towns from the clans of the tribe, that is, from the half-tribe of Manasseh.
47 The sons of Gershom and their clans were allotted thirteen towns from the tribe of Issachar, from the tribe of Asher, from the tribe of Naphtali and from the tribe of Manasseh in Bashan.
48 The sons of Merari and their clans were allotted twelve towns from the tribe of Reuben, from the tribe of Gad and from the tribe of Zebulun.
49 The Israelites gave these towns with their pasture lands to the Levites.
50 From the tribe of the sons of Judah, from the tribe of the sons of Simeon and from the tribe of the sons of Benjamin, they also allotted them those towns to which they gave their names.
51 Towns from the tribe of Ephraim were also assigned to the territory of some clans of the sons of Kohath.
52 They were given the cities of refuge: Shechem in the highlands of Ephraim with its pasture lands, Gezer and its pasture lands,
53 Jokmeam with its pasture lands, Beth-Horon with its pasture lands,
54 Aijalon with its pasture lands and Gath-Rimmon with its pasture lands
55 and from the half-tribe of Manasseh, Aner with its pasture lands and Bileam with its pasture lands. So much was given to the remaining families of the sons of Kohath.
56 From the half-tribe of Manasseh, the sons of Gershom according to family were given Golan in Bashan with its pasture lands and Ashtaroth with its pasture lands;
57 from the tribe of Issachar, Kedesh with its pasture lands, Daberath with its pasture lands,
58 Ramoth with its pasture lands and Anem with its pasture lands;
59 from the tribe of Asher: Mashal with its pasture lands, Abdon with its pasture lands.
60 Hukok with its pasture lands and Rehob with its pasture lands;
61 from the tribe of Naphtali, Kedesh in Galilee with its pasture lands, Hammon with its pasture lands and Kiriataim with its pasture lands.
62 To the remainder of the sons of Merari: from the tribe of Zebulun, Rimmon with its pasture lands and Tabor with its pasture lands;
63 in Transjordan, near Jericho, east of the Jordan, from the tribe of Reuben: Bezer in the desert with its pasture lands, Jahzah with its pasture lands,
64 Kedemoth with its pasture lands and Mephaath with its pasture lands;
65 from the tribe of Gad: Ramoth in Gilead with its pasture lands, Mahanaim with its pasture lands,
66 Heshbon with its pasture lands and Jazer with its pasture lands.
1 [Of David] Yahweh, be my judge! I go on my way in innocence, my trust in Yahweh never wavers.
2 Probe me, Yahweh, examine me, Test my heart and my mind in the fire.
3 For your faithful love is before my eyes, and I live my life by your truth.
4 No sitting with wastrels for me, no travelling with hypocrites;
5 I hate the company of sinners, I refuse to sit down with the wicked.
6 I will wash my hands in innocence and join the procession round your altar, Yahweh,
7 to make heard the sound of thanksgiving, to proclaim all your wonders.
8 Yahweh, I love the beauty of your house and the place where your glory dwells.
9 Do not couple me with sinners, nor my life with men of violence,
10 whose hands are stained with guilt, their right hands heavy with bribes.
11 In innocence I will go on my way; ransom me, take pity on me.
12 I take my stand on the right path; I will bless you, Yahweh, in the assemblies.