Exodus 25

1 Yahweh spoke to Moses and said,

2 ‘Tell the Israelites to set aside a contribution for me; you will accept a contribution from everyone whose heart prompts him to give it.

3 And this is what you will accept from them: gold, silver and bronze;

4 materials dyed violet-purple, red-purple and crimson, fine linen, goats’ hair;

5 rams’ skins dyed red, fine leather, acacia wood;

6 oil for the light, spices for the anointing oil and fragrant incense;

7 cornelian and other stones to be set in the ephod and breastplate.

8 Make me a sanctuary so that I can reside among them.

9 You will make it all according to the design for the Dwelling and the design for its furnishings which I shall now show you.

10 ‘You must make me an ark of acacia wood, two and a half cubits long, one and a half cubits wide and one and a half cubits high.

11 You will overlay it, inside and out, with pure gold and make a gold moulding all round it.

12 You will cast four gold rings for it and fix them to its four supports: two rings on one side and two rings on the other.

13 You will also make shafts of acacia wood and overlay them with gold

14 and pass the shafts through the rings on the sides of the ark, by which to carry it.

15 The shafts will stay in the rings of the ark and not be withdrawn.

16 Inside the ark you will put the Testimony which I am about to give you.

17 ‘You will also make a mercy-seat of pure gold, two and a half cubits long and one and a half cubits wide,

18 and you will model two great winged creatures of beaten gold, you will make them at the two ends of the mercy-seat.

19 Model one of the winged creatures at one end and the other winged creature at the other end; you will model the winged creatures of a piece with the mercy-seat at either end.

20 The winged creatures must have their wings spread upwards, protecting the mercy-seat with their wings and facing each other, their faces being towards the mercy-seat.

21 You will put the mercy-seat on the top of the ark, and inside the ark you will put the Testimony which I am about to give you.

22 There I shall come to meet you; from above the mercy-seat, from between the two winged creatures which are on the ark of the Testimony, I shall give you all my orders for the Israelites.

23 ‘You must also make a table of acacia wood, two cubits long, one cubit wide and one and a half cubits high.

24 You will overlay it with pure gold, and make a gold moulding all round it.

25 You will fit it with struts of a hand’s breadth and make a gold moulding round the struts.

26 You will make four gold rings for it and fix the four rings at the four corners where the four legs are.

27 The rings must lie close to the struts to hold the shafts for carrying the table.

28 You must make the shafts of acacia wood and overlay them with gold. The table must be carried by these.

29 You must make dishes, cups, jars and libation bowls for it; you must make these of pure gold,

30 and on the table, in my presence, you will always put the loaves of permanent offering.

31 ‘You will also make a lamp-stand of pure gold; the lamp-stand must be of beaten gold, base and stem. Its cups, calyxes and petals, must be of a piece with it.

32 Six branches must spring from its sides: three of the lamp-stand’s branches from one side, three of the lamp-stand’s branches from the other.

33 The first branch must carry three cups shaped like almond blossoms, each with its calyx and petals; the second branch, too, must carry three cups shaped like almond blossoms, each with its calyx and bud, and similarly for all six branches springing from the lampstand.

34 The lamp-stand itself must carry four cups shaped like almond blossoms, each with its calyx and bud:

35 one calyx under the first two branches springing from the lamp-stand, one calyx under the next pair of branches and one calyx under the last pair of branches — thus for all six branches springing from the lamp-stand.

36 The calyxes and the branches will be of a piece with the lamp-stand, and the whole made from a single piece of pure gold, beaten out.

37 You will also make seven lamps for it and mount the lamps in such a way that they light up the space in front of it.

38 The snuffers and trays must be of pure gold.

39 You will use a talent of pure gold for the lamp-stand and all its accessories;

40 and see that you work to the design which was shown you on the mountain.’

Exodus 26

1 ‘The Dwelling itself you will make with ten sheets of finely woven linen dyed violet-purple, red-purple and crimson. You will have them embroidered with great winged creatures.

2 The length of a single sheet is to be twenty-eight cubits, its width four cubits, all the sheets to be of the same size.

3 Five of the sheets are to be joined to one another, and the other five sheets are to be joined to one another.

4 You will make violet loops along the edge of the first sheet, at the end of the set, and do the same along the edge of the last sheet in the other set.

5 You will make fifty loops on the first sheet and fifty loops along the outer edge of the sheet of the second set, the loops corresponding to one another.

6 You will also make fifty gold clasps, and join the sheets together with the clasps. In this way the Dwelling will be a unified whole.

7 ‘You will make sheets of goats’ hair to form a tent over the Dwelling; you will make eleven of these.

8 The length of a single sheet must be thirty cubits and its width four cubits, the eleven sheets to be all of the same size.

9 You will join five sheets together into one set, and six sheets into another; the sixth you will fold double over the front of the tent.

10 You will make fifty loops along the edge of the first sheet, at the end of the first set, and fifty loops along the edge of the sheet of the second set.

11 You will make fifty bronze clasps and insert the clasps into the loops, to draw the tent together and to make it a unified whole.

12 ‘Of the extra part of the sheets that overlap, half is to hang down the back of the Dwelling.

13 The extra cubit on either side along the length of the tent sheets must hang down the sides of the Dwelling on either side to cover it.

14 ‘And for the tent you will make a cover of rams’ skins dyed red and a cover of fine leather over that.

15 ‘For the Dwelling you will make vertical frames of acacia wood.

16 Each frame must be ten cubits long and one and a half cubits wide.

17 Each frame must have twin tenons; that is how all the frames for the Dwelling must be made.

18 You will make frames for the Dwelling: twenty frames for the south side, to the south,

19 and make forty silver sockets under the twenty frames, two sockets under one frame for its two tenons, two sockets under the next frame for its two tenons;

20 and for the other side of the Dwelling, the north side, twenty frames

21 and forty silver sockets, two sockets under one frame, two sockets under the next frame.

22 For the back of the Dwelling, on the west, you will make six frames,

23 and make two frames for the corners at the back of the Dwelling;

24 these must be coupled together at the bottom, and right up to the top, to the level of the first ring; this for the two frames that must form the two corners.

25 Thus there will be eight frames with their silver sockets: sixteen sockets; two sockets under one frame and two sockets under the next frame.

26 ‘You will make crossbars of acacia wood: five for the frames of the first side of the Dwelling,

27 five crossbars for the frames of the opposite side of the Dwelling, and five crossbars for the frames which form the back of the Dwelling, to the west.

28 The middle bar must join the frames from one end to the other, halfway up.

29 You will overlay the frames with gold, make gold rings for them, through which to place the crossbars, and overlay the crossbars with gold.

30 This is how you must erect the Dwelling, following the design shown you on the mountain.

31 ‘You will make a curtain of finely woven linen, dyed violet-purple, red-purple and crimson, and embroidered with great winged creatures,

32 and put it on four poles of acacia wood overlaid with gold, with golden hooks for them, set in four sockets of silver.

33 You will put the curtain below the clasps, so that inside behind the curtain, you can place the ark of the Testimony, and the curtain willmark the division for you between the Holy Place and the Holy of Holies.

34 You will put the mercy-seat on the ark of the Testimony in the Holy of Holies.

35 You will place the table outside the curtain, and the lamp-stand on the south side of the Dwelling, opposite the table; you will put the table on the north side.

36 For the entrance to the tent you will make a screen of finely woven linen embroidered with violet-purple, red-purple and crimson,

37 and for the screen you will make five poles of acacia wood and overlay them with gold, with golden hooks, and for them you will cast five sockets of bronze.’

Leviticus 19

1 Yahweh spoke to Moses and said:

2 ‘Speak to the whole community of Israelites and say: “Be holy, for I, Yahweh your God, am holy.

3 “Each of you will respect father and mother. “And you will keep my Sabbaths; I am Yahweh your God.

4 “Do not turn to idols and do not cast metal gods for yourselves. I am Yahweh your God.

5 “If you offer a communion sacrifice to Yahweh, make it in such a way as to be acceptable.

6 It must be eaten the same day or the day after; whatever is left on the third day must be burnt.

7 If eaten on the third day it would be rotten food and not be acceptable.

8 Anyone who eats it must bear the consequences of this guilt, having profaned Yahweh’s holiness; that person will be outlawed from his people.

9 “When you reap the harvest of your land, you will not reap to the very edges of the field, nor will you gather the gleanings of the harvest;

10 nor will you strip your vineyard bare, nor pick up the fallen grapes. You will leave them for the poor and the stranger. I am Yahweh your God.

11 “You will not steal, nor deal deceitfully or fraudulently with your fellow-citizen.

12 You will not swear by my name with intent to deceive and thus profane the name of your God. I am Yahweh.

13 You will not exploit or rob your fellow. You will not keep back the labourer’s wage until next morning.

14 You will not curse the dumb or put an obstacle in the way of the blind, but will fear your God. I am Yahweh.

15 “You will not be unjust in administering justice. You will neither be partial to the poor nor overawed by the great, but will administer justice to your fellow-citizen justly.

16 You will not go about slandering your own family, nor will you put your neighbour’s life in jeopardy. I am Yahweh.

17 You will not harbour hatred for your brother. You will reprove your fellow-countryman firmly and thus avoid burdening yourself with a sin.

18 You will not exact vengeance on, or bear any sort of grudge against, the members of your race, but will love your neighbour as yourself. I am Yahweh.

19 “You will keep my laws. “You will not mate your cattle with those of another kind; you will not sow two kinds of grain in your field; you will not wear a garment made from two kinds of fabric.

20 “If someone has intercourse with a woman who is the concubine slave of a man from whom she has not been redeemed and she has not been given her freedom, he will be liable for a fine, but they will not incur death, since she was not a free woman.

21 He will bring a sacrifice of reparation for Yahweh to the entrance of the Tent of Meeting. This will be a ram of reparation,

22 and with the ram of reparation the priest will perform the rite of expiation for him before Yahweh for the sin committed; and the sin he has committed will be forgiven.

23 “Once you have entered the country and planted any kind of fruit tree, you will regard its fruit as uncircumcised. For three years you will count it as uncircumcised and it will not be eaten;

24 in the fourth year, all its fruit will be consecrated to Yahweh in a feast of praise;

25 and in the fifth year you may eat its fruit, so that it may yield you even more. I am Yahweh your God.

26 “You will eat nothing with blood in it. You will not practise divination or magic.

27 “You will not round off your hair at the edges or trim the edges of your beard.

28 You will not gash your bodies when someone dies, and you will not tattoo yourselves. I am Yahweh.

29 “Do not profane your daughter by making her a prostitute, or the country itself will become prostituted and filled with incest.

30 “You will keep my Sabbaths and revere my sanctuary. I am Yahweh.

31 “Do not have recourse to the spirits of the dead or to magicians; they will defile you. I, Yahweh, am your God.

32 “You will stand up in the presence of grey hair, you will honour the person of the aged and fear your God. I am Yahweh.

33 “If you have resident aliens in your country, you will not molest them.

34 You will treat resident aliens as though they were native-born and love them as yourself — for you yourselves were once aliens in Egypt. I am Yahweh your God.

35 “You will not be unjust in administering justice as regards measures of length, weight or capacity.

36 You will have just scales, just weights, a just ephah and a just hin. I am Yahweh your God who brought you out of Egypt;

37 hence you are to keep all my laws and all my customs and put them into practice. I am Yahweh.” ‘

Psalm 119:1-56

1 How blessed are those whose way is blameless, who walk in the Law of Yahweh!

2 Blessed are those who observe his instructions, who seek him with all their hearts,

3 and, doing no evil, who walk in his ways.

4 You lay down your precepts to be carefully kept.

5 May my ways be steady in doing your will.

6 Then I shall not be shamed, if my gaze is fixed on your commandments.

7 I thank you with a sincere heart for teaching me your upright judgements.

8 I shall do your will; do not ever abandon me wholly.

9 How can a young man keep his way spotless? By keeping your words.

10 With all my heart I seek you, do not let me stray from your commandments.

11 In my heart I treasure your promises, to avoid sinning against you.

12 Blessed are you, Yahweh, teach me your will!

13 With my lips I have repeated all the judgements you have given.

14 In the way of your instructions lies my joy, a joy beyond all wealth.

15 I will ponder your precepts and fix my gaze on your paths.

16 I find my delight in your will, I do not forget your words.

17 Be generous to your servant and I shall live, and shall keep your words.

18 Open my eyes and I shall fix my gaze on the wonders of your Law.

19 Wayfarer though I am on the earth, do not hide your commandments from me.

20 My heart is pining away with longing at all times for your judgements.

21 You have rebuked the arrogant, the accursed, who stray from your commandments.

22 Set me free from taunts and contempt since I observe your instructions.

23 Though princes sit plotting against me, your servant keeps pondering your will.

24 Your instructions are my delight, your wishes my counsellors.

25 Down in the dust I lie prostrate; true to your word, revive me.

26 I tell you my ways and you answer me; teach me your wishes.

27 Show me the way of your precepts, that I may reflect on your wonders.

28 I am melting away for grief; true to your word, raise me up.

29 Keep me far from the way of deceit, grant me the grace of your Law.

30 I have chosen the way of constancy, I have moulded myself to your judgements.

31 I cling to your instructions, Yahweh, do not disappoint me.

32 I run the way of your commandments, for you have given me freedom of heart.

33 Teach me, Yahweh, the way of your will, and I will observe it.

34 Give me understanding and I will observe your Law, and keep it wholeheartedly.

35 Guide me in the way of your commandments, for my delight is there.

36 Bend my heart to your instructions, not to selfish gain.

37 Avert my eyes from pointless images, by your word give me life.

38 Keep your promise to your servant so that all may hold you in awe.

39 Avert the taunts that I dread, for your judgements are generous.

40 See how I yearn for your precepts; in your saving justice give me life.

41 Let your faithful love come to me, Yahweh, true to your promise, save me!

42 Give me an answer to the taunts against me, since I rely on your word.

43 Do not deprive me of that faithful word, since my hope lies in your judgements.

44 I shall keep your Law without fail for ever and ever.

45 I shall live in all freedom because I have sought your precepts.

46 I shall speak of your instructions before kings and will not be shamed.

47 Your commandments fill me with delight, I love them dearly.

48 I stretch out my hands to your commandments that I love, and I ponder your judgements.

49 Keep in mind your promise to your servant on which I have built my hope.

50 It is my comfort in distress, that your promise gives me life.

51 Endlessly the arrogant have jeered at me, but I have not swerved from your Law.

52 I have kept your age — old judgements in mind, Yahweh, and I am comforted.

53 Fury grips me when I see the wicked who abandon your Law.

54 Your judgements are my song where I live in exile.

55 All night, Yahweh, I hold your name in mind, I keep your Law.

56 This is what it means to me, observing your precepts.

Thoughts and Reflection

What interesting reading today! Today God describes how he would like the Tabernacle constructed for his people. In reading these passages, I am struck by the connections between Moses’ time and the current Catholic church. I have attached a rendering of how the tabernacle would have looked like as God described it to Moses.

The Holy of the Holies is behind a think curtain where the mercy seat is. This symbolizes God’s mercy for his people. Later when Jesus was put to death on the cross, the veil of the Temple was torn in two. The body of Jesus is also torn when his side is pierced by the spear of the Roman soldier. We read that the blood and water flow out of the pierced side, thus symbolizing the blood for the Holy Eucharist and the water of Baptism. Most importantly the Holy of Holies is now open to the entire world through the sacrifice of Jesus on the cross.

Every Catholic church throughout the world contains a tabernacle in which the bread of the Holy Eucharist is stored.

Are there other symbols that our Church has today that are rooted in the Tabernacle from Moses?

About This Project

For the year 2022, I decided that my New Year’s Resolution was to read the whole Bible following the Bible in the Year plan presented by Fr. Mike Schmitz. It is a big and bold undertaking. You can follow along by subscribing. Feel free to look at previous day’s post and comment. It’s something we can all learn from together!

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