1 It was then that Moses and the Israelites sang this song in Yahweh’s honour: I shall sing to Yahweh, for he has covered himself in glory, horse and rider he has thrown into the sea.
2 Yah is my strength and my song, to him I owe my deliverance. He is my God and I shall praise him, my father’s God and I shall extol him.
3 Yahweh is a warrior; Yahweh is his name.
4 Pharaoh’s chariots and army he has hurled into the sea the pick of his officers have been drowned in the Sea of Reeds.
5 The ocean has closed over them; they have sunk to the bottom like a stone.
6 Your right hand, Yahweh, wins glory by its strength, your right hand, Yahweh, shatters your foes,
7 and by your great majesty you fell your assailants; you unleash your fury, it consumes them like chaff.
8 A blast from your nostrils and the waters piled high; the waves stood firm as a dyke; the bed of the sea became firm ground.
9 The enemy said, ‘I shall give chase and overtake, ‘I shall share out the spoil and glut myself on them, ‘I shall draw my sword, my hand will destroy them.’
10 You blew with your breath, the sea closed over them; they sank like lead in the terrible waters.
11 Yahweh, who is like you, majestic in sanctity, who like you among the holy ones, fearsome of deed, worker of wonders?
12 You stretched your right hand out, the earth swallowed them!
13 In your faithful love you led out the people you had redeemed, in your strength you have guided them to your holy dwelling.
14 Hearing of this, the peoples tremble; pangs seize on the people of Philistia;
15 the chieftains of Edom are dismayed, Moab’s princes — panic has seized them, all the inhabitants of Canaan have melted away.
16 On them fall terror and dread; through the power of your arm they are still as stone while your people are passing, Yahweh, while the people you have purchased are passing.
17 You will bring them in and plant them on the mountain which is your heritage, the place which you, Yahweh, have made your dwelling, the sanctuary, Yahweh, prepared by your own hands.
18 Yahweh will be king for ever and ever.
19 For when Pharaoh’s cavalry, with his chariots and horsemen, had gone into the sea, Yahweh brought the waters of the sea back over them, though the Israelites went on dry ground right through the sea.
20 The prophetess Miriam, Aaron’s sister, took up a tambourine, and all the women followed her with tambourines, dancing,
21 while Miriam took up from them the refrain: Sing to Yahweh, for he has covered himself in glory, horse and rider he has thrown into the sea.
22 Moses led Israel away from the Sea of Reeds, and they entered the desert of Shur. They then travelled through the desert for three days without finding water.
23 When they reached Marah, they could not drink the Marah water because it was bitter; this is why the place was named Marah.
24 The people complained to Moses saying, ‘What are we to drink?’
25 Moses appealed to Yahweh for help, and Yahweh showed him a piece of wood. When Moses threw it into the water, the water became sweet. There he laid down a statute and law for them and there he put them to the test. Then he said,
26 ‘If you listen carefully to the voice of Yahweh your God and do what he regards as right, if you pay attention to his commandments and keep all his laws, I shall never inflict on you any of the diseases that I inflicted on the Egyptians, for I am Yahweh your Healer.’
27 So they came to Elim where there were twelve springs and seventy palm trees; and there they pitched camp beside the water.
1 Setting out from Elim, the whole community of Israelites entered the desert of Sin, lying between Elim and Sinai — on the fifteenth day of the second month after they had left Egypt.
2 And the whole community of Israelites began complaining about Moses and Aaron in the desert
3 and said to them, ‘Why did we not die at Yahweh’s hand in Egypt, where we used to sit round the flesh pots and could eat to our heart’s content! As it is, you have led us into this desert to starve this entire assembly to death!’
4 Yahweh then said to Moses, ‘Look, I shall rain down bread for you from the heavens. Each day the people must go out and collect their ration for the day; I propose to test them in this way to see whether they will follow my law or not.
5 On the sixth day, however, when they prepare what they have brought in, this must be twice as much as they collect on ordinary days.’
6 Moses and Aaron then said to the whole community of Israelites, ‘This evening you will know that it was Yahweh who brought you out of Egypt,
7 and tomorrow morning you will see the glory of Yahweh, for Yahweh has heard your complaints about him. What are we, that your complaint should be against us?’
8 Moses then said, ‘This evening Yahweh will give you meat to eat, and tomorrow morning bread to your heart’s content, for Yahweh has heard your complaints about him. What do we count for? Your complaints are not against us, but against Yahweh.’
9 Moses then said to Aaron, ‘Say to the whole community of Israelites, “Approach Yahweh’s presence, for he has heard your complaints.” ‘
10 As Aaron was speaking to the whole community of Israelites, they turned towards the desert, and there the glory of Yahweh appeared in the cloud.
11 Yahweh then spoke to Moses and said,
12 ‘I have heard the Israelites’ complaints. Speak to them as follows, “At twilight you will eat meat, and in the morning you will have bread to your heart’s content, and then you will know that I am Yahweh your God.” ‘
13 That evening, quails flew in and covered the camp, and next morning there was a layer of dew all round the camp.
14 When the layer of dew lifted, there on the surface of the desert was something fine and granular, as fine as hoarfrost on the ground.
15 As soon as the Israelites saw this, they said to one another, ‘What is that ?’ not knowing what it was. ‘That’, Moses told them, ‘is the food which Yahweh has given you to eat.
16 These are Yahweh’s orders: Each of you must collect as much as he needs to eat — a homer per head for each person in his tent.’
17 The Israelites did this. They collected it, some more, some less.
18 When they measured out what they had collected by the homer, no one who had collected more had too much, no one who had collected less had too little. Each had collected as much as he needed to eat.
19 Moses then said, ‘No one may keep any of it for tomorrow.’
20 But some of them took no notice of Moses and kept part of it for the following day, and it bred maggots and smelt foul; and Moseswas angry with them.
21 Morning by morning they collected it, each man as much as he needed to eat, and once the sun grew hot, it melted away.
22 Now, on the sixth day they collected twice the amount of food: two homer per person, and all the leaders of the community came and told Moses this.
23 Moses replied, ‘This is what Yahweh said, “Tomorrow is a day of complete rest, a Sabbath sacred to Yahweh. Bake what you want to bake, boil what you want to boil; put aside what is left over, to be kept for tomorrow.”
24 So, as Moses ordered, they put it aside for the following day, and its smell was not foul nor were there maggots in it.
25 ‘Eat it today,’ Moses said, ‘for today is a Sabbath for Yahweh; you will find none in the fields today.
26 For six days you will collect it, but on the seventh day, the Sabbath, there will be none.’
27 On the seventh day some of the people went out to collect it, but they found none.
28 Yahweh then said to Moses, ‘How much longer will you refuse to obey my commandments and laws?
29 Look, Yahweh has given you the Sabbath; this is why he gives you two days’ food on the sixth day; each of you must stay in his place; on the seventh day no one may leave his home.’
30 So on the seventh day the people rested.
31 The House of Israel named it ‘manna’. It was like coriander seed; it was white and its taste was like that of wafers made with honey.
32 Moses then said, ‘These are Yahweh’s orders: Fill a homer with it and preserve it for your descendants, so that they can see the bread on which I fed you in the desert when I brought you out of Egypt.’
33 Moses then said to Aaron, ‘Take a jar and in it put a full homer of manna and store it in Yahweh’s presence, to be kept for your descendants.’
34 Accordingly, Aaron stored it in front of the Testimony, to be preserved, as Yahweh had ordered Moses.
35 The Israelites ate manna for forty years, up to the time they reached inhabited country: they ate manna up to the time they reached the frontiers of Canaan.
36 A homer is one-tenth of an ephah.
1 Yahweh spoke to Moses and Aaron and said to them,
2 ‘Speak to the Israelites and say: “Of all animals living on land these are the creatures you may eat:
3 “You may eat any animal that has a cloven hoof, divided into two parts, and that is a ruminant.
4 The following, which either chew the cud or have a cloven hoof, are the ones that you may not eat: you will regard the camel as unclean, because though it is ruminant, it does not have a cloven hoof;
5 you will regard the coney as unclean, because though it is ruminant, it does not have a cloven hoof;
6 you will regard the hare as unclean, because though it is ruminant, it does not have a cloven hoof;
7 you will regard the pig as unclean, because though it has a cloven hoof, divided into two parts, it is not a ruminant.
8 You will not eat the meat of these or touch their dead bodies; you will regard them as unclean.
9 “Of all that lives in water, these you may eat: “Anything that has fins and scales, and lives in the water, whether in sea or river, you may eat.
10 But anything in sea or river that does not have fins and scales, of all the small water-creatures and all the living things found there, you will regard as detestable.
11 You will regard them as detestable; you must not eat their meat and you will regard their carcases as detestable.
12 Anything that lives in water, but not having fins and scales, you will regard as detestable.
13 “Of the birds these are the ones that you will regard as detestable; they may not be eaten, they are detestable for eating: “The tawny vulture, the griffon, the osprey,
14 the kite, the various kinds of buzzard,
15 all kinds of raven,
16 the ostrich, the screech owl, the seagull, the various kinds of hawk,
17 horned owl, night owl, cormorant, barn owl,
18 ibis, pelican, white vulture,
19 stork, the various kinds of heron, the hoopoe and the bat.
20 “All winged insects moving on four feet you will regard as detestable for eating.
21 Of all these winged insects you may eat only the following: those with the sort of legs above their feet which enable them to leap over the ground.
22 These are the ones you may eat: the various kinds of migratory locust, the various kinds of solham locust, hargol locust and hagab locust.
23 But all other winged insects on four feet you will regard as detestable for eating.
24 “By the following you will be made unclean. Anyone who touches the carcase of one will be unclean until evening.
25 Anyone who picks up their carcases must wash his clothing and will be unclean until evening.
26 Animals that have hoofs, but not cloven, and that are not ruminant, you will regard as unclean; anyone who touches them will be unclean.
27 Those four-footed animals which walk on the flat of their paws you will regard as unclean; anyone who touches their carcases will be unclean until evening,
28 and anyone who picks up their carcases must wash his clothing and will be unclean until evening. You will regard them as unclean.
29 “Of the small creatures which crawl along the ground, these are the ones which you will regard as unclean: the mole, the rat, the various kinds of lizard:
30 gecko, koah, letaah, chameleon and tinshamet.
31 “Of all the small creatures, these are the animals which you must regard as disgusting. Anyone who touches them when they are dead will be unclean until evening.
32 “Any object on which one of these creatures falls when it is dead becomes unclean: wooden utensil, clothing, skin, sacking, any utensil whatever. It must be immersed in water and will remain unclean until evening: then it will be clean.
33 If the creature falls into an earthenware vessel, the vessel must be broken; whatever the vessel contains is unclean.
34 Any edible food will be unclean if the water touches it; any drinkable liquid will be unclean, no matter what its container.
35 Anything on which the carcase of such a creature may fall will be unclean: be it oven or stove, it must be destroyed; for they are unclean and you will regard them as unclean
36 (although springs, wells and stretches of water will remain clean); anyone who touches one of their carcases will be unclean.
37 If one of their carcases falls on any kind of seed, the seed will remain clean;
38 but if the seed has been moistened and one of their carcases falls on it, you will regard it as unclean.
39 “If one of the animals that you use as food dies, anyone who touches the carcase will be unclean until evening;
40 anyone who eats any of the carcase must wash his clothing and will remain unclean until evening; anyone who picks up the carcase must wash his clothing and will remain unclean until evening.
41 “Any creature that swarms on the ground is detestable for eating; it must not be eaten.
42 Anything that moves on its belly, anything that moves on four legs or more — in short all the creatures that swarm on the ground — you will not eat, since they are detestable.
43 Do not make yourselves detestable with all these swarming creatures; do not defile yourselves with them, do not be defiled by them.
44 For it is I, Yahweh, who am your God. You have been sanctified and have become holy because I am holy: do not defile yourselves with all these creatures that swarm on the ground.
45 Yes, it is I, Yahweh, who brought you out of Egypt to be your God: you must therefore be holy because I am holy.” ‘
46 Such is the law concerning animals, birds, all living creatures that move in water and all creatures that swarm on the ground.
47 Its purpose is to distinguish the clean from the unclean, the creatures that may be eaten from those that may not be eaten.
1 In you, Yahweh, I take refuge, I shall never be put to shame.
2 In your saving justice rescue me, deliver me, listen to me and save me.
3 Be a sheltering rock for me, always accessible; you have determined to save me, for you are my rock, my fortress.
4 My God, rescue me from the clutches of the wicked, from the grasp of the rogue and the ruthless.
5 For you are my hope, Lord, my trust, Yahweh, since boyhood.
6 On you I have relied since my birth, since my mother’s womb you have been my portion, the constant theme of my praise.
7 Many were bewildered at me, but you are my sure refuge.
8 My mouth is full of your praises, filled with your splendour all day long.
9 Do not reject me in my old age, nor desert me when my strength is failing,
10 for my enemies are discussing me, those with designs on my life are plotting together.
11 ‘Hound him down, for God has deserted him! Seize him, there is no one to rescue him.’
12 God, do not stand aloof, my God, come quickly to help me.
13 Shame and ruin on those who slander me, may those intent on harming me be covered with insult and infamy.
14 As for me, my hope will never fade, I will praise you more and more.
15 My lips shall proclaim your saving justice, your saving power all day long.
16 I will come in the power of Yahweh to tell of your justice, yours alone.
17 God, you have taught me from boyhood, and I am still proclaiming your marvels.
18 Now that I am old and grey-haired, God, do not desert me, till I have proclaimed your strength to generations still to come, your power
19 and justice to the skies. You have done great things, God, who is like you?
20 You have shown me much misery and hardship, but you will give me life again, You will raise me up again from the depths of the earth,
21 prolong my old age, and comfort me again.
22 For my part, I will thank you on the lyre for your constancy, my God. I will play the harp in your honour, Holy One of Israel.
23 My lips sing for joy as I play to you, because you have redeemed me,
24 and all day long my tongue muses on your saving justice. Shame and disgrace on those intent to harm me!
Thoughts and Reflection
Today we see that the Israelites begin to murmur amongst themselves against God. This is true even for everything he has done for them and they are wondering if it would have been better if they just stayed in Egypt and were slaves. They were unsure of the places the Lord was leading them. They were dangerous and uncomfortable places.
God is simply not just feeding and caring for his people. He is training them and trying to teach them who he is and they can trust him. One example of this is manna. Manna is a type of bread that spoils after a day. He allows them to gather twice as much manna on the sixth day so they can have it on the seventh. The bread holds and does not spoil – a sign of trust.
We can use this in our everyday life. We need to learn to trust the Lord, which is why he has given us certain commandments to follow. Some of these keep us from harm while others are to train us to be like. God is faithful to us and he wants us to be faithful to him. We need to pray for his grace.
This journey isn’t easy to do alone and we should pray for each other. Thank you for doing this journey with me!
About This Project
For the year 2022, I decided that my New Year’s Resolution was to read the whole Bible following the Bible in the Year plan presented by Fr. Mike Schmitz. It is a big and bold undertaking. You can follow along by subscribing. Feel free to look at previous day’s post and comment. It’s something we can all learn from together!