3 Speak to the whole community of Israel and say, “On the tenth day of this month each man must take an animal from the flock for his family: one animal for each household.
4 If the household is too small for the animal, he must join with his neighbour nearest to his house, depending on the number of persons. When you choose the animal, you will take into account what each can eat.
6 You must keep it till the fourteenth day of the month when the whole assembly of the community of Israel will slaughter it at twilight.
11 This is how you must eat it: with a belt round your waist, your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. You must eat it hurriedly: it is a Passover in Yahweh’s honour.
14 This day must be commemorated by you, and you must keep it as a feast in Yahweh’s honour. You must keep it as a feast-day for all generations; this is a decree for all time.
15 “For seven days you must eat unleavened bread. On the first day you must clean the leaven out of your houses, for anyone who eats leavened bread from the first to the seventh day must be outlawed from Israel.
16 On the first day you must hold a sacred assembly, and on the seventh day a sacred assembly. On those days no work may be done; you will prepare only what each requires to eat.
17 You must keep the feast of Unleavened Bread because it was on that same day that I brought your armies out of Egypt. You will keep that day, generation after generation; this is a decree for all time.
19 For seven days there may be no leaven in your houses, since anyone, either stranger or citizen of the country, who eats leavened bread will be outlawed from the community of Israel.
21 Moses summoned all the elders of Israel and said to them, ‘Go and choose a lamb or kid for your families, and kill the Passovervictim.
22 Then take a bunch of hyssop, dip it in the blood that is in the basin, and with the blood from the basin touch the lintel and both door-posts; then let none of you venture out of the house till morning.
27 you will tell them, “It is the Passover sacrifice in honour of Yahweh who passed over the houses of the Israelites in Egypt, and struck Egypt but spared our houses.” ‘ And the people bowed in worship.
29 And at midnight Yahweh struck down all the first-born in Egypt from the first-born of Pharaoh, heir to his throne, to the first-born of the prisoner in the dungeon, and the first-born of all the livestock.
37 The Israelites left Rameses for Succoth, about six hundred thousand on the march-men, that is, not counting their families.
39 And with the dough which they had brought from Egypt they baked unleavened cakes, because the dough had not risen, since they had been driven out of Egypt without time to linger or to prepare food for themselves.
46 It must be eaten in one house alone; you will not take any of the meat out of the house; nor may you break any of its bones.
48 Should a stranger residing with you wish to keep the Passover in honour of Yahweh, all the males of his household must be circumcised: he will then be allowed to keep it and will count as a citizen of the country. But no uncircumcised person may eat it.
2 he said to Aaron, ‘Take a calf to offer a sacrifice for sin, and a ram for a burnt offering, both without blemish, and bring them before Yahweh.
3 Then say to the Israelites, “Take a goat to be offered as a sacrifice for sin, a calf and a lamb one year old (both without blemish) for a burnt offering,
5 They brought what Moses had ordered in front of the Tent of Meeting; then the whole community approached and stood before Yahweh.
7 Moses then addressed Aaron, ‘Go to the altar and offer your sacrifice for sin and your burnt offering, and so perform the rite of expiation for yourself and your family. Then present the people’s offering and perform the rite of expiation for them, as Yahweh has ordered.’
8 Aaron went to the altar and slaughtered the calf as a sacrifice for his own sin.
18 Then he slaughtered the bull and the ram as a communion sacrifice for the people. Aaron’s sons handed him the blood and he poured it all around the altar.
19 The fat of the bull and the ram, the tail, the covering fat, the kidneys, the mass of fat over the liver,
22 Aaron then raised his hands towards the people and blessed them. Having thus performed the sacrifice for sin, the burnt offering and the communion sacrifice, he came down
1 Alleluia! When Israel came out of Egypt, the House of Jacob from a people of foreign speech,
3 The sea fled at the sight, the Jordan turned back,
7 Tremble, earth, at the coming of the Lord, at the coming of the God of Jacob,
Thoughts and Reflection
Today we read about the Passover. In Passover, the angel of death would kill the firstborns unless their house was marked on the doorposts and lintels with a sacrificial lamb’s blood. This may seem extreme, but reading the Bible in context, God had warned Pharaoh that this would happen if he did not free the Israelites. The Lamb itself is also a symbol for Jesus. John the Baptist has said, “Behold the Lamb of God.” Later St. Paul proclaims him as the Passover lamb.
Another symbol is that Israelites could not partake in the sacrifice of the Passover until they were brought into the covenant. We are not able to receive the Eucharist until we have been brought into the New Covenant through Baptism. In tradition, the lamb was brought into the house for a week and then the lamb is sacrificed on the seventh day. This is meaningful since the lamb now has meaning to the family and truly is a sacrifice to the Lord.
Interestingly, sheep were seen as sacred by the Egyptians, and by slaughtering them, the Israelites would have committed a sacrilegious act in their eyes and it would be difficult for them to remain in Egypt.
About This Project
For the year 2022, I decided that my New Year’s Resolution was to read the whole Bible following the Bible in the Year plan presented by Fr. Mike Schmitz. It is a big and bold undertaking. You can follow along by subscribing. Feel free to look at previous day’s post and comment. It’s something we can all learn from together!