1 Yahweh then said to Moses, ‘Go to Pharaoh, for I have made him and his officials stubborn, to display these signs of mine among them;
5 They will cover the surface of the soil so that the soil cannot be seen. They will devour the remainder of what has escaped, of what you have been left after the hail; they will devour all your trees growing in the fields;
6 they will fill your houses, all your officials’ houses and all the Egyptians’ houses — something your ancestors and your ancestors’ ancestors have never seen from the day they first appeared on earth until now.” ‘ Then he turned on his heel and left Pharaoh’s presence.
7 At which, Pharaoh’s officials said to him, ‘How much longer are we to be tricked by this fellow? Let the people go and worship Yahwehtheir God. Do you not finally realise that Egypt is on the brink of ruin?’
10 Pharaoh said, ‘So I must let you go with your wives and children! May Yahweh preserve you! Plainly, you are up to no good!
13 Moses stretched his staff over Egypt, and over the country Yahweh sent an east wind which blew all that day and night. By morning, the east wind had brought the locusts.
14 The locusts invaded the whole of Egypt and settled all over Egypt, in great swarms; never had there been so many locusts before, nor would there be again.
15 They covered the surface of the ground till the land was devastated. They devoured whatever was growing in the fields and all the fruit on the trees that the hail had left. No green was left on tree or plant in the fields anywhere in Egypt.
18 When Moses left Pharaoh’s presence he prayed to Yahweh,
19 and Yahweh changed the wind into a west wind, very strong, which carried the locusts away and swept them into the Sea of Reeds. There was not one locust left in the whole of Egypt.
22 So Moses stretched out his hand towards heaven, and for three days there was thick darkness over the whole of Egypt.
23 No one could see anyone else or move about for three days, but all the Israelites did have light where they were living.
26 And our livestock will go with us too; not a hoof will be left behind; for we may need animals from these to worship Yahweh our God; for until we get there we ourselves cannot tell how we are to worship Yahweh.’
27 But Yahweh made Pharaoh stubborn, and he refused to let them go.
28 Pharaoh said to Moses, ‘Out of my sight! Be sure you never see my face again, for the next time you see my face you die!’
8 Then all these officials of yours will come down to me and, bowing low before me, say: Go away, you and all the people who follow you! After which, I shall go.” ‘ And, hot with anger, he left Pharaoh’s presence.
9 Yahweh then said to Moses, ‘Pharaoh will not listen to you, so that more of my wonders may be displayed in Egypt.’
1 Yahweh spoke to Moses and said:
4 Moses did as Yahweh ordered; the community gathered at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting,
6 He made Aaron and his sons come forward and washed them with water.
8 He put the breastplate on him, and placed the urim and thummim in it.
9 He put the turban on his head, and on the front of the turban, the golden flower; this was the symbol of holy consecration, which Yahweh had prescribed to Moses.
13 Moses then made Aaron’s sons come forward; he dressed them in tunics, passed the waistbands round their waists and put on their head-dresses, as Yahweh had ordered him.
15 and Moses slaughtered it. He then took the blood and with his finger put some of it on the horns on the corners of the altar to purify the altar. He then poured the rest of the blood at the foot of the altar, which he consecrated by performing the rite of expiation over it.
16 He then took all the fat covering the entrails, the mass of fat over the liver, both kidneys and their fat; and he burnt this on the altar,
17 but the bull’s skin, its meat and its offal he burnt outside the camp, as Yahweh had ordered Moses.
18 He then had the ram for the burnt offering brought forward. Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the ram’s head
19 and Moses slaughtered it. He poured its blood all around the altar.
21 He then washed the entrails and shins, and burnt the whole ram on the altar, as a burnt offering, offered to be a pleasing smell, as food burnt for Yahweh, as Yahweh had ordered Moses.
22 He then had the other ram brought forward, the ram for the investiture sacrifice. Aaron and his sons laid their hands on its head
24 He then made Aaron’s sons come forward and he put some of the blood on the lobes of their right ears, on the thumbs of their righthands and on the big toes of their right feet. Next, Moses poured the rest of the blood all around the altar.
26 From the basket of unleavened bread placed before Yahweh, he took an unleavened cake, a cake of bread made with oil, and a wafer; he placed these on the fat and the right thigh,
29 Moses then took the forequarter and made the gesture of offering before Yahweh. This was the portion of the ram of investiture that reverted to Moses, as Yahweh had ordered Moses.
30 Moses then took some of the anointing oil and some of the blood that was on the altar and sprinkled Aaron and his vestments, and his sons and their vestments, with it. In this way he consecrated Aaron and his vestments and his sons and their vestments.
31 Moses then said to Aaron and his sons, ‘Cook the meat at the entrance to the Tent of Meeting, and eat it there, as also the bread of the investiture sacrifice still in the basket of the investiture offerings, as I ordered, when I said, “Aaron and his sons must eat it.”
32 What remains of the meat and bread you will burn.
1 [Psalm Of Asaph] The God of gods, Yahweh, is speaking, from east to west he summons the earth.
3 he is coming, our God, and will not be silent. Devouring fire ahead of him, raging tempest around him,
8 ‘It is not with your sacrifices that I find fault, those burnt offerings constantly before me;
9 I will not accept any bull from your homes, nor a single goat from your folds.
Thoughts and Reflection
Today the plagues continue in Egypt. But what are their significance? Well, first it is to show that God is all-powerful and second it shows his power above all the false gods the Egyptians worship. It is a stunning way to show how the Egyptian gods won’t protect them while Moses’ God does. In doing so, God is also reaching the hearts of the Israelites.
The Israelites have been enslaved in Egypt for hundreds of years and they have been influenced by its culture and religious practices. The plagues are also a sign of God releasing his people from the influence of Egyptian culture and religion.
It is also significant that Moses tells Pharoah that he will be taking all the cattle from Egypt. They didn’t know how to worship God but they did know to take the cattle and will be told later. This is done in the book of Leviticus. This is a book that contains instructions for how to enter the Levitical priesthood.
This brings us to a bigger question. Do you worship God in the manner he asked for (Jesus and the new and everlasting Covenant) or do you worship him in the way you want?
About This Project
For the year 2022, I decided that my New Year’s Resolution was to read the whole Bible following the Bible in the Year plan presented by Fr. Mike Schmitz. It is a big and bold undertaking. You can follow along by subscribing. Feel free to look at previous day’s post and comment. It’s something we can all learn from together!