Day 30 – Nile Turned to Blood

Exodus 6

1 Yahweh then said to Moses, ‘Now you will see what I am going to do to Pharaoh. A mighty hand will force him to let them go, a mighty hand will force him to expel them from his country.’

2 God spoke to Moses and said to him, ‘I am Yahweh.

3 To Abraham, Isaac and Jacob I appeared as El Shaddai, but I did not make my name Yahweh known to them.

4 I also made my covenant with them to give them the land of Canaan, the country in which they were living as aliens.

5 Furthermore, I have heard the groaning of the Israelites, enslaved by the Egyptians, and have remembered my covenant.

6 So say to the Israelites, “I am Yahweh. I shall free you from the forced labour of the Egyptians; I shall rescue you from their slavery and I shall redeem you with outstretched arm and mighty acts of judgement.

7 I shall take you as my people and I shall be your God. And you will know that I am Yahweh your God, who have freed you from the forced labour of the Egyptians.

8 Then I shall lead you into the country which I swore I would give to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, and shall give it to you as your heritage, I, Yahweh.” ‘

9 And Moses repeated this to the Israelites, but they would not listen to Moses, so crushed was their spirit and so cruel their slavery.

10 Yahweh then said to Moses,

11 ‘Go to Pharaoh, king of Egypt, and tell him to let the Israelites leave his country.’

12 But Moses spoke out in Yahweh’s presence and said, ‘The Israelites have not listened to me, so why should Pharaoh take any notice of a poor speaker like me?’

13 Yahweh spoke to Moses and Aaron and sent them to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to lead the Israelites out of Egypt.

14 These were their heads of families: The sons of Reuben, Israel’s first-born: Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron and Carmi: these are the clans of Reuben.

15 The sons of Simeon: Jemuel, Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul son of the Canaanite woman: these are the clans of Simeon.

16 These were the names of the sons of Levi with their descendants: Gershon, Kohath and Merari. Levi lived for a hundred and thirty-seven years.

17 The sons of Gershon: Libni and Shimei, with their clans.

18 The sons of Kohath: Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel. Kohath lived for a hundred and thirty-three years.

19 The sons of Merari: Mahli and Mushi. These are the clans of Levi with their descendants.

20 Amram married Jochebed, his aunt, who bore him Aaron and Moses. Amram lived for a hundred and thirty-seven years.

21 The sons of Izhar were: Korah, Nepheg and Zichri.

22 And the sons of Uzziel: Mishael, Elzaphan and Sithri.

23 Aaron married Elisheba daughter of Amminadab and sister of Nahshon, and she bore him Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and Ithamar.

24 The sons of Korah: Assir, Elkanah and Abiasaph. These are the clans of the Korahites.

25 Eleazar, son of Aaron, married one of Putiel’s daughters who bore him Phinehas. These were the Levitical heads of families, according to clan.

26 It was to this Aaron and Moses that Yahweh said, ‘Lead the Israelites out of Egypt in their armies.’

27 It was they who spoke to Pharaoh, king of Egypt, to lead the Israelites out of Egypt — namely Moses and Aaron.

28 Now the day when Yahweh spoke to Moses in Egypt,

29 Yahweh said to Moses, ‘Tell Pharaoh king of Egypt everything that I am going to say to you.’

30 But Moses said to Yahweh’s face, ‘I am a poor speaker, so why should Pharaoh take any notice of me?’

Exodus 7

1 Yahweh then said to Moses, ‘Look, I have made you as a god for Pharaoh, and your brother Aaron is to be your prophet.

2 You must say whatever I command you, and your brother Aaron will repeat to Pharaoh that he is to let the Israelites leave his country.

3 But I myself shall make Pharaoh stubborn and shall perform many a sign and wonder in Egypt.

4 Since Pharaoh will not listen to you, I shall lay my hand on Egypt and with great acts of judgement lead my armies, my people, the Israelites, out of Egypt.

5 And the Egyptians will know that I am Yahweh when I stretch out my hand against the Egyptians and lead the Israelites out of their country.’

6 Moses and Aaron did exactly as Yahweh had ordered.

7 Moses was eighty years old and Aaron eighty-three, when they spoke to Pharaoh.

8 Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron,

9 ‘If Pharaoh says to you, “Display some marvel,” you must say to Aaron, “Take your staff and throw it down in front of Pharaoh, and let it turn into a serpent!” ‘

10 Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh and did as Yahweh had ordered. Aaron threw down his staff in front of Pharaoh and his officials, and it turned into a serpent.

11 Then Pharaoh in his turn called for the sages and sorcerers, and by their spells the magicians of Egypt did the same.

12 Each threw his staff down and these turned into serpents. But Aaron’s staff swallowed up theirs.

13 Pharaoh, however, remained obstinate and, as Yahweh had foretold, refused to listen to Moses and Aaron.

14 Yahweh then said to Moses, ‘Pharaoh is adamant. He refuses to let the people go.

15 Go to Pharaoh tomorrow morning as he makes his way to the water, confront him on the river bank and in your hand take the staff that turned into a snake.

16 Say to him, “Yahweh, God of the Hebrews, sent me to say: Let my people go and worship in the desert. Up till now, you have refused to listen.

17 This is what Yahweh says: You will know that I am Yahweh by this: with the staff that is in my hand I shall strike the waters of the River and they will turn to blood.

18 The fish in the river will die, and the River will stink, and the Egyptians will not be able to drink the river water.” ‘

19 Yahweh said to Moses, ‘Say to Aaron, “Take your staff and stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt — over their rivers and canals, their marshland, and all their reservoirs — and they will turn to blood. There will be blood throughout the whole of Egypt, even in sticks and stones,”

20 Moses and Aaron did as Yahweh ordered. He raised his staff and struck the waters of the River, with Pharaoh and his officials looking on, and all the water in the River turned to blood.

21 The fish in the River died, and the River stank; and the Egyptians could no longer drink the River water. Throughout the whole of Egyptthere was blood.

22 But by their spells the magicians of Egypt did the same; Pharaoh remained obstinate and, as Yahweh had foretold, refused to listen to Moses and Aaron.

23 Pharaoh turned away and went back into his palace, taking no notice even of this.

24 And the Egyptians all dug holes along the river-bank in search of drinking water, since they could not drink the River water.

25 After Yahweh struck the River, seven days went by.

26 Then Yahweh said to Moses, ‘Go to Pharaoh and say to him, “Yahweh says this: Let my people go and worship me.

27 If you refuse to let them go, I shall strike your whole territory with frogs.

28 The River will swarm with frogs; they will make their way into your palace, into your bedroom, onto your bed, into the houses of your officials and subjects, into your ovens, into your kneading bowls.

29 The frogs will actually clamber onto you, onto your subjects and onto all your officials.” ‘

Leviticus 5

1 ‘ “If someone sins in any of these following cases: “He should have come forward to give evidence when he heard the formal adjuration, having seen the incident or known the facts; but he has not spoken out, and so bears the consequences of his guilt;

2 “or someone touches something unclean, whatever it may be — the dead body of an unclean animal, wild or tame, or of one of the unclean reptiles — and without realising it becomes unclean, he becomes answerable for it;

3 “or he touches some human uncleanness, whatever it may be, contact with which makes him unclean; he does not notice it, then, realising it later, he becomes answerable for it;

4 “or someone lets slip an oath to do something either evil or good, in any of those matters on which someone may let slip an oath; he does not notice it, then, realising it later, he becomes answerable for it;

5 “if he is answerable in any of those cases, he will have to confess the sin committed.

6 As a sacrifice of reparation for the sin committed, he will bring Yahweh a female from the flock (sheep or goat) as a sacrifice for sin; and the priest will perform the rite of expiation for him to free him from his sin.

7 “If he cannot afford an animal from the flock as a sacrifice of reparation for the sin he has committed, he will bring Yahweh two turtledoves or two young pigeons — one as a sacrifice for sin and the other as a burnt offering.

8 He will bring them to the priest who will first offer the one intended for the sacrifice for sin. The priest will wring its neck but not remove the head.

9 He will sprinkle the side of the altar with the victim’s blood, and then squeeze out the rest of the blood at the foot of the altar. This is a sacrifice for sin.

10 He will then offer the other bird as a burnt offering according to the ritual. This is how the priest must perform the rite of expiation for the person for the sin he has committed, and he will be forgiven.

11 “If he cannot afford two turtledoves or two young pigeons, he will bring a tenth of an ephah of wheaten flour as an offering for the sincommitted; he must not mix oil with it or put incense on it, since this is a sacrifice for sin.

12 He will bring it to the priest, who will take a handful of it as a memorial, and burn this on the altar in addition to the offerings of food burnt for Yahweh. This is a sacrifice for sin.

13 This is how the priest must perform the rite of expiation for the person for the sin he has committed in any of those cases, and he willbe forgiven. In this case, the priest has the same rights as in the case of a cereal offering.” ‘

14 Yahweh spoke to Moses and said:

15 ‘If someone is unfaithful and sins inadvertently by infringing Yahweh’s sacred rights, as a sacrifice of reparation he must bring Yahwehan unblemished ram from his flock, the value of which will be decided by you in silver shekels according to the rate of the sanctuary-shekel.

16 He will make amends for what his sin subtracted from the sacred rights, adding one-fifth to the value, and give it to the priest. The priest will then perform the rite of expiation for him with the ram for the sacrifice of reparation and he will be forgiven.

17 ‘If someone sins and without realising it does one of the things forbidden by Yahweh’s commandments, he will answer for it and bear the consequences of his guilt.

18 As a sacrifice of reparation he must bring the priest an unblemished ram from his flock to the value which you decide, and the priestwill perform the rite of expiation for him for the oversight unwittingly committed, and he will be forgiven.

19 This is a sacrifice of reparation; the man was certainly answerable to Yahweh.’

20 Yahweh spoke to Moses and said:

21 ‘If someone sins and is unfaithful against Yahweh by deceiving his fellow-countryman over a deposit or a security, or by withholding something due to him or by exploiting him;

22 ‘or if he finds lost property and denies it; ‘or if he perjures himself about anything that a human being may do criminally in such matters;

23 ‘if he sins and so becomes answerable, he must restore what he has taken or demanded in excess: the deposit confided to him, the lost property that he has found,

24 or any object about which he has perjured himself. He will add one-fifth to the principal and pay the whole to the person who held the property rights on the day when he incurred the guilt.

25 He will then bring Yahweh an unblemished ram from his flock to the value which you decide, to the priest as a sacrifice of reparation,

26 and the priest will perform the rite of expiation for him before Yahweh and he will be forgiven, whatever the act by which he incurred guilt.’

Psalm 47

1 [For the choirmaster Of the sons of Korah Psalm] Clap your hands, all peoples, acclaim God with shouts of joy.

2 For Yahweh, the Most High, is glorious, the great king over all the earth.

3 He brings peoples under our yoke and nations under our feet.

4 He chooses for us our birthright, the pride of Jacob whom he loves.

5 God goes up to shouts of acclaim, Yahweh to a fanfare on the ram’s horn.

6 Let the music sound for our God, let it sound, let the music sound for our king, let it sound.

7 For he is king of the whole world; learn the music, let it sound for God!

8 God reigns over the nations, seated on his holy throne.

9 The leaders of the nations rally to the people of the God of Abraham. The shields of the earth belong to God, who is exalted on high.

Thoughts and Reflection

God reminds Moses that he is doing something through him. God also reminds us of what he has done for us. We can have short-term memory as it comes to God and we can easily forget what he has done for us. That is why we should study scripture so he can reveal himself to us and we can know him more deeply.

In Leviticus today, we see that there are a lot of options for Sin-offering and how merciful God is. God offers many different options so nothing will get in the way of his people receiving his mercy from him. In the same way, we can offer small deeds and give God what is in our hearts. He will accept whatever we can give him.

About This Project

For the year 2022, I decided that my New Year’s Resolution was to read the whole Bible following the Bible in the Year plan presented by Fr. Mike Schmitz. It is a big and bold undertaking. You can follow along by subscribing. Feel free to look at previous day’s post and comment. It’s something we can all learn from together!


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